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Before using administrative tools, you must first ensure that the necessary access rights have been granted and that you have addressed any prerequisites, such as. Net Framework 4. It helps administrators cut down on repetitive tasks by defining prebuilt configurations that accompany PowerShell 4. Configuration parameters are saved in a Managed Object File MOF and can be used as a baseline for comparison or as a template for new deployments.

DSC is often used in the following situations:. DSC works via two basic methods: Pull and Push. The Pull method works through the use of a Pull Server. Using this method, you can configure a server as the Pull Server, which acts as central configuration repository storing the configuration data for computers.

In large environments, nodes can be configured to pull from the server as they come online. The second method is the Push method. In smaller implementations, a central server can be configured to Push DSC configurations. As an administrator, you also have the ability to use a combination of both Pull and Push methods. DSC works through the basis of defining configurations within scripts.

Using Notepad, you can build a custom DSC configuration. Configurations contain several components, all of which are organized within a configuration block. The keyword Configuration tells PowerShell that a specific configuration is to follow. Together, both of these items create the foundation of a configuration block.

The basic structure of a configuration block is. Inside the configuration block, node blocks are identified. A node represents a computer in the environment. Nodes are used when you need to apply a configuration block to a specific computer or computers. Multiple node blocks can be created within a configuration block, although a configuration block does not have to contain any node blocks. Depending on the requirements, you might need to use node blocks.

Inside the node blocks, resource blocks can be identified. Resource blocks are used to configure specific resources. These can be configured manually, or you can use several prebuilt resources available within the PowerShell framework. Some of the built-in resources include. Resource blocks are identified by a resource name followed by an identifier.

For example, to add configuration details to ensure that the Web-Server role is installed for MyComputer1 , use the following syntax:. After you have created the appropriate configurations, save it as a PowerShell script. To invoke the configuration, execute it via an administrative PowerShell session.

Invoking the configuration creates the MOF file in the working directory containing the configuration block script. To execute the configuration, run the command:. The intent of this section was to provide a high-level overview of DSC and how to use it.

There are a variety of configuration parameters and best practices that go beyond the scope of this Cert Guide. In any large-scale deployment, imaging technology will be one of your strongest allies. Microsoft has continued to evolve its imaging process through enhancements made to the Windows Deployment Services WDS role. WDS is covered in the Cert Guide , but in this section, we will assume you already have a prebuilt image and are looking to perform offline servicing of the image.

So what is meant by servicing an image, and why offline? Historically speaking, updates to images required the administrator to deploy a new computer from the image, run through any customizations or updates, repackage the image, and upload it back to the repository.

This is often a lengthy process—especially when only minor updates are required. For these instances, Microsoft has provided the ability to inject updates to a Windows image file. Scenarios in which images require updating include. DISM takes the legwork out of the mix by enabling an administrator to mount the image file, similar to mounting a hard disk, and issue commands to update the image. When the updating is complete, changes are committed to the image and the file is unmounted, in which case the image is ready for the next deployment.

Some key points and best practices to consider when using DISM:. DISM is typically used for updating offline images, but it can also be used to update servers that are online especially in cases when you need a fast method to standardize or update to a higher edition of Windows.

There are several parameters you should understand when servicing images. Table outlines some of the key parameters:. Used to gather information from the image file such as index number, image name, description, and image size. Parameter used to mount the image.

When mounting the image, you must also specify an in index number or the name associated with the image. Directory in which the image is mounted to. For optimal performance, this should be on the local computer that is updating the image.

Use this switch when experiencing trouble with mounting images that might have been previously mounted. Adds one or more install packages or cabinet files. When applying multiple packages, packages are listed in the order in which they should be installed.

Adds a driver to the offline image. Produces a list of Packages from the mounted image in the mount directory. Unmounts the image. Used to change an offline windows image to a higher edition. This list is introduces only a few of the DISM parameters. The first thing you need to do is obtain a copy of the source image.

In this example, we will use one of the default Windows image files found on the Server installation media and extracted by a WDS server. To enable a feature in an offline image, perform the following steps:. Using either the index number or name of the image, mount the image to a temporary mount directory.

This will extract the contents of the image Figure to a directory structure in the temp mount directory specified. This process might take time depending on the speed of your computer. Review the current state of the Remote-Desktop-Services feature. Shown in Figure , take notice that the feature is currently disabled.

Enable the Remote-Desktop-Services feature in the offline image by executing the command shown in Figure Commit changes to the image and unmount the. This will repackage the image file with the changes made. It might take some time depending on the speed of your computer. When unmounting images, it is important to close all windows and applications, especially File Explorer windows.

This will help prevent locks during the unmounting process. As discussed previously, remote management of servers is extremely helpful for an administrator, especially in scenarios in which your organization is driving a centralized management approach or if you are managing a group of Server Core installations.

Before remote management can occur, the remote servers must be configured to enable remote management. This is on by default for new installations but can be changed by navigating to the Local Server properties of Server Manager as shown in Figure Figure Server Manager Remote Management. To enable remote management on legacy systems, you might be required to perform additional configuration steps, such as enabling WMI through the Windows Firewall service.

Once enabled for remote management, use the Add other servers to manage feature from the Server Manager Dashboard. Archived from the original on October 25, Matthijs’s blog. Archived from the original on November 2, March 28, Retrieved April 1, System requirements. Archived from the original on October 31, Retrieved June 10, Archived from the original on November 9, Retrieved July 5, Archived from the original on December 7, Retrieved December 8, Archived PDF from the original on December 2, Archived from the original PDF on July 22, Archived from the original on November 5, Retrieved November 4, Archived from the original on January 28, Retrieved January 19, The Register.

Situation Publishing. Archived from the original on December 26, Archived from the original on January 15, PC Pro. Dennis Publishing. Archived from the original on January 6, Archived from the original on October 8, Microsoft Docs. August 27, Archived from the original on January 14, Retrieved January 13, August 14, Archived from the original on April 1, Retrieved February 10, Archived from the original on September 6, Retrieved November 14, Veeam Software.

Archived from the original on April 5, Retrieved September 3, Archived from the original on July 29, Retrieved July 28, Archived from the original on July 28, February 3, Archived from the original on January 26, Wikiversity has learning resources about Windows Server.

Microsoft Windows. Components History Timeline Criticism. Windows 1. Windows 95 Windows 98 Windows Me. Phone 7 Phone 8 Phone 8. Cairo Nashville Neptune Odyssey. List of versions Comparison Category. Authority control: National libraries France data Germany. Categories : Windows Server X operating systems software. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.

Wikimedia Commons. Your backup should include all data and configuration information that is necessary for the computer to function.

It is important to perform a backup of configuration information for servers, especially those that provide network infrastructure, such as Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol DHCP servers. When you perform the backup, be sure to include the boot and system partitions and the system state data. Another way to back up configuration information is to create a backup set for Automated System Recovery. Disable your virus protection software. Virus protection software can interfere with installation.

For example, it can make installation much slower by scanning every file that is copied locally to your computer. Provide mass storage drivers. If your manufacturer has supplied a separate driver file, save the file to a floppy disk, CD, DVD, or Universal Serial Bus USB flash drive in either the root directory of the media or the amd64 folder. To provide the driver during Setup, on the disk selection page, click Load Driver or press F6. You can browse to locate the driver or have Setup search the media.

Be aware that Windows Firewall is on by default. Server applications that must receive unsolicited inbound connections will fail until you create inbound firewall rules to allow them. Check with your application vendor to determine which ports and protocols are necessary for the application to run correctly. For all editions, you have 10 days to complete online activation, at which point the evaluation period begins and runs for days.

During the evaluation period, a notification on the Desktop displays the days remaining the evaluation period except in Windows Server Essentials. You can also run slmgr.

All evaluation versions are fully functional during the evaluation period, although booting to Safe mode is not available. The Windows Server Standard and Windows Server Datacenter editions come with the activation key pre-installed. After the day evaluation period elapses, the server warns you in various ways depending on the edition:.

Disable your virus protection software. Virus protection software can interfere with installation. For example, it can make installation much slower by scanning every file that is copied locally to your computer. Provide mass storage drivers. If your manufacturer has supplied a separate driver file, save the file to a floppy disk, CD, DVD, or Universal Serial Bus USB flash drive in either the root directory of the media or the amd64 folder.

To provide the driver during Setup, on the disk selection page, click Load Driver or press F6. You can browse to locate the driver or have Setup search the media. Be aware that Windows Firewall is on by default. Server applications that must receive unsolicited inbound connections will fail until you create inbound firewall rules to allow them.

Check with your application vendor to determine which ports and protocols are necessary for the application to run correctly. For all editions, you have 10 days to complete online activation, at which point the evaluation period begins and runs for days.

During the evaluation period, a notification on the Desktop displays the days remaining the evaluation period except in Windows Server Essentials. You can also run slmgr. All evaluation versions are fully functional during the evaluation period, although booting to Safe mode is not available.

The Windows Server Standard and Windows Server Datacenter editions come with the activation key pre-installed.

After the day evaluation period elapses, the server warns you in various ways depending on the edition:. The operating system will shut down every hour. Windows Server Essentials: you receive warnings on the Desktop and on the dashboard, but the server does not shut down.

The resulting virtual machine has the following characteristics:. The Hyper-V server role must be installed. Download the VHD file to a convenient location.

 
 

 

System Requirements and Installation Information for Windows Server R2 | Microsoft Learn

 

The stated Windows Server R2 requirements include a single 1. The server will also require access to an optical drive, along with access to a keyboard, video and mouse. Minimum storage requirement is 32GB. Customers are upgrading to the latest release of Windows Server and applying the latest innovation to modernize their IT environment. Computers running bit processors can hypothetically handle hundreds of terabytes of RAM.

However, RAM demands are increasing. In terms of size, for high-end workstations 16GB minimum is probably setver, whereas for more budget friendly home set ups, 8GB should about do. Size of Database s : The most important consideration due to its direct impact on processing needed to populate a data warehouse, if the database is 50 GB or under then 16 GB of RAM is sufficient. Execution Packages: The more RAM your server is equipped with, the faster it will complete execution packages.

There only time I might give a file server more than 2 cores is if it is very windows server 2012 r2 essentials specifications free doing a lot of DFS Replication. The most important variable is number and type of drives, and Winxows type. Windows Server is just an Operating System. It can run on a normal desktop PC.

In fact, it can run in a Hyper-V simulated environment that runs on your ссылка на страницу too. Processor 1. Psssst: Which company is associated windows server 2012 r2 essentials specifications free the operating system?

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Windows server 2012 r2 essentials specifications free.System Requirements and Installation Information for Windows Server 2012 R2

 
 
replace.me › searchwindowsserver › tip › Be-aware-of-essential-. The following are estimated system requirements for the Windows Server R2. If your computer has less than the “minimum” requirements.